Black History Month
 AfricanAmericanHistoryOnline.com Black History 

 

Articles

•  Home
•  Black History in the News
•  A Troubled Time
•  Affirmative Action
•  Andrew Jackson Beard
•  Barack Obama
•  Bass Reeves
•  Bessie Coleman
•  Black Power
•  Booker T. Washington
•  Brown vs. Board of Education
•  Buffalo Soldiers
•  Cab Calloway
•  Cathay Williams
•  Earl Lloyd
•  Emanuel Stance
•  Equal Opportunity Legislation
Eugene Jacques Bullard
Frederick Douglass
•  George Washington Carver
•  Granville T. Woods
•  Harriet Tubman
•  Jackie Robinson
•  Jarm Logue
•  Jermain Wesley Loguen
•  John Mercer Langston
•  Jordan & Ali
•  Juneteenth
•  Laughter That Heals
•  Leron Lee
•  Malcolm X
•  Marcus Garvey
•  Marian Wright Edelman
•  Martin Luther King Jr.
•  Martin Luther King Jr.'s Dream
•  Mary Elizabeth Mahoney
•  Memorial Day
•  Nat Turner
•  Negro League Baseball Museum
•  Rosa Parks
•  Sam Cooke
•  Sarah E. Goode
•  Slavery
•  Dr Solomon Carter
•  The Dred Scott Decision
•  The 13th Amendment
•  The 15th Amendment
•  The Halls of Power
•  The Harlem Renaissance
•  The Black American Soldier
•  The Rainbow Coalition
•  The Underground Railroad
•  Thurgood Marshall
•  Tousant L'Overture
•  Triumph at Berlin Olympics
•  Vivien T. Thomas
•  W.E.B. Du Bois
•  William Still


Shop
•  African American History Online Black History Store
•  100 African-Americans Who Shaped American History
•  1001 Things Everyone Should Know About African American History
•  African American Culture DVD Series
•  African American Firsts
•  Black History: From Civil War Through Today
•  Black History of the White House
•  Black Men Built the Capitol
•  Black Pioneers of Science and Invention
•  Creating Black Americans
•  Kid's Guide to African American History
•  Legacy: Treasures of Black History
•  Setting the Record Straight
•  more...





William Still
 (October 7, 1821 – July 14, 1902) was an African-American abolitionist, conductor on the Underground Railroad, writer, historian and civil rights activist.
William Still (October 7, 1821 – July 14, 1902) was an African-American abolitionist, conductor on the Underground Railroad, writer, historian and civil rights activist.


The date of William Still's birth is given as October 7, 1821, by most sources, but he gave the date of November 1819 in the 1900 Census. He was born in Burlington County, New Jersey, to Charity and Levin Still. His parents had come to New Jersey from the eastern shore of Maryland as ex-slaves. He was the youngest of eighteen siblings, who included James Still, known as "the Doctor of the Pines," Peter Still, Mary Still, and Kitturah Still, who moved to Philadelphia.
<p>William's father was the first of the family to move to New Jersey when he purchased his own freedom. Levin settled in Springtown near Medford and later Charity joined the family with their four children, when she escaped. Charity was recaptured and returned to slavery, but she escaped a second time and, with her two daughters, found her way to Burlington County, to join her husband. The two sons she left behind were sold to slaveowners in Mississippi, in the Deep South.



Abolitionist

In 1844, William Still moved to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, where he began working as a clerk for the Pennsylvania Anti-Slavery Society. When Philadelphia abolitionists organized a committee to aid runaway slaves reaching Philadelphia, Still became its chairman. By the 1850s, Still was a leader of Philadelphia's African-American community. In 1859 he attempted to desegregate the city's public transit system.[1] He opened a stove store during the American Civil War, and later started a coal delivery business.

In 1847 he married Letitia George and had four children who survived infancy. Their eldest was Caroline Matilda Still (1848–1919), a pioneer female medical doctor. Caroline attended Oberlin College and the Women's Medical College of Philadelphia (much later the Medical College of Pennsylvania); she was married, first to Edward J. Wyley, and after his death, to the Reverend Matthew Anderson, longtime pastor of the Berean Presbyterian Church in North Philadelphia. She had an extensive private medical practice in Philadelphia and was also a community activist, teacher and leader. William Wilberforce Still (1854–1914) graduated from Lincoln University and subsequently practiced law in Philadelphia; Robert George Still (1861–1900), was a journalist who owned a print shop on Pine at 11th Street in central Philadelphia and Frances Ellen Still (1857–1930) became a kindergarten teacher (she was named after poet Frances Ellen Watkins Harper, who lived with the Stills before her marriage). On the 1900 U.S. Census William Still said he had two children and both were still living.
[edit] Underground Railroad

Often called "The Father of the Underground Railroad," Still helped as many as 60 slaves a month escape to freedom, interviewing each person and keeping careful records, including a brief biography and the destination of each person, along with any alias that they adopted, though he kept his records carefully hidden. He is one of the many who helped slaves escape from the United States. During one interview of an escapee, he discovered that the man, Peter Still, was his own brother. They had been separated since childhood, and his brother knew little about the rest of his family. Still later published The Underground Rail Road Records, which chronicles the stories and methods of 649 slaves who escaped to freedom via the Underground Railroad. Peter Still later collaborated on a book detailing his experiences. He helped people find their way to freedom.

The three prominent Still brothers—William, James, and Peter—settled in Lawnside, New Jersey. To this day, their descendants have an annual family reunion every August. Notable members of the Still family include the composer William Grant Still.





Share |




Black History in the News | Privacy Policy

Black History Store © 2010-2017 AfricanAmericanHistoryOnline.com | Black History Store

Created by sliplink.net


Share |