Black History Month
 AfricanAmericanHistoryOnline.com Black History 

 

Articles

•  Home
•  Black History in the News
•  A Troubled Time
•  Affirmative Action
•  Andrew Jackson Beard
•  Barack Obama
•  Bass Reeves
•  Bessie Coleman
•  Black Power
•  Booker T. Washington
•  Brown vs. Board of Education
•  Buffalo Soldiers
•  Cab Calloway
•  Cathay Williams
•  Earl Lloyd
•  Emanuel Stance
•  Equal Opportunity Legislation
Eugene Jacques Bullard
Frederick Douglass
•  George Washington Carver
•  Granville T. Woods
•  Harriet Tubman
•  Jackie Robinson
•  Jarm Logue
•  Jermain Wesley Loguen
•  John Mercer Langston
•  Jordan & Ali
•  Juneteenth
•  Laughter That Heals
•  Leron Lee
•  Malcolm X
•  Marcus Garvey
•  Marian Wright Edelman
•  Martin Luther King Jr.
•  Martin Luther King Jr.'s Dream
•  Mary Elizabeth Mahoney
•  Memorial Day
•  Nat Turner
•  Negro League Baseball Museum
•  Rosa Parks
•  Sam Cooke
•  Sarah E. Goode
•  Slavery
•  Dr Solomon Carter
•  The Dred Scott Decision
•  The 13th Amendment
•  The 15th Amendment
•  The Halls of Power
•  The Harlem Renaissance
•  The Black American Soldier
•  The Rainbow Coalition
•  The Underground Railroad
•  Thurgood Marshall
•  Tousant L'Overture
•  Triumph at Berlin Olympics
•  Vivien T. Thomas
•  W.E.B. Du Bois
•  William Still


Shop
•  African American History Online Black History Store
•  100 African-Americans Who Shaped American History
•  1001 Things Everyone Should Know About African American History
•  African American Culture DVD Series
•  African American Firsts
•  Black History: From Civil War Through Today
•  Black History of the White House
•  Black Men Built the Capitol
•  Black Pioneers of Science and Invention
•  Creating Black Americans
•  Kid's Guide to African American History
•  Legacy: Treasures of Black History
•  Setting the Record Straight
•  more...







Barack Obama: The First Black President of the United States of America
President  Barack Obama
Barack Hussein Obama II, born August 4, 1961, is the 44th and current President of the United States. He is the first African American to hold the office. Obama previously served as a United States Senator from Illinois, from January 2005 until he resigned following his victory in the 2008 presidential election.



Early Years

Barack Obama was born in Hawaii on August 4th, 1961. His father, Barack Obama Sr., was born and raised in a small village in Kenya, where he grew up herding goats with his own father, who was a domestic servant to the British.

Barack's mother, Ann Dunham, grew up in small-town Kansas. Her father worked on oil rigs during the Depression, and then signed up for World War II after Pearl Harbor, where he marched across Europe in Patton's army. Her mother went to work on a bomber assembly line, and after the war, they studied on the G.I. Bill, bought a house through the Federal Housing Program, and moved west to Hawaii.

It was there, at the University of Hawaii, where Barack's parents met. His mother was a student there, and his father had won a scholarship that allowed him to leave Kenya and pursue his dreams in America.

Barack's father eventually returned to Kenya, and Barack grew up with his mother in Hawaii, and for a few years in Indonesia. Later, he moved to New York, where he graduated from Columbia University in 1983.

The College Years

Remembering the values of empathy and service that his mother taught him, Barack put law school and corporate life on hold after college and moved to Chicago in 1985, where he became a community organizer with a church-based group seeking to improve living conditions in poor neighborhoods plagued with crime and high unemployment.

The group had some success, but Barack had come to realize that in order to truly improve the lives of people in that community and other communities, it would take not just a change at the local level, but a change in our laws and in our politics.

He went on to earn his law degree from Harvard in 1991, where he became the first African-American president of the Harvard Law Review. Soon after, he returned to Chicago to practice as a civil rights lawyer and teach constitutional law. Finally, his advocacy work led him to run for the Illinois State Senate, where he served for eight years. In 2004, he became the third African American since Reconstruction to be elected to the U.S. Senate.



Political Career

It has been the rich and varied experiences of Barack Obama's life -- growing up in different places with people who had differing ideas -- that have animated his political journey. Amid the partisanship and bickering of today's public debate, he still believes in the ability to unite people around a politics of purpose -- a politics that puts solving the challenges of everyday Americans ahead of partisan calculation and political gain.

In the Illinois State Senate, this meant working with both Democrats and Republicans to help working families get ahead by creating programs like the state Earned Income Tax Credit, which in three years provided over $100 million in tax cuts to families across the state. He also pushed through an expansion of early childhood education, and after a number of inmates on death row were found innocent, Obama worked with law enforcement officials to require the videotaping of interrogations and confessions in all capital cases.

In the U.S. Senate, he focused on tackling the challenges of a globalized, 21st century world with fresh thinking and a politics that no longer settles for the lowest common denominator. His first law was passed with Republican Tom Coburn, a measure to rebuild trust in government by allowing every American to go online and see how and where every dime of their tax dollars is spent. He has been the lead voice in championing ethics reform that would root out Jack Abramoff-style corruption in Congress.

As a member of the Veterans' Affairs Committee, Obama fought to help veterans get the disability pay they were promised, while working to prepare the VA for the thousands of veterans returning from Iraq and Afghanistan. Recognizing the terrorist threat posed by weapons of mass destruction, he traveled to Russia with Republican Dick Lugar to begin a new generation of non-proliferation efforts designed to find and secure deadly weapons around the world. And knowing the threat we face to our economy and our security from America's addiction to oil, he worked to bring auto companies, unions, farmers, businesses, and politicians of both parties together to promote the greater use of alternative fuels and higher fuel standards in our cars.

His presidential campaign began in February 2007, and after a close campaign in the 2008 Democratic Party presidential primaries against Hillary Rodham Clinton, he won his party's nomination. In the 2008 presidential election, he defeated Republican nominee John McCain, and was inaugurated as president on January 20, 2009. In October 2009, Obama was named the 2009 Nobel Peace Prize laureate.

As president, Obama signed economic stimulus legislation in the form of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 and the Tax Relief, Unemployment Insurance Reauthorization, and Job Creation Act of 2010. Other domestic policy initiatives include the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, the Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, the Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act of 2010 and the Budget Control Act of 2011. In foreign policy, he ended the war in Iraq, increased troop levels in Afghanistan, signed the New START arms control treaty with Russia, ordered US involvement in the 2011 Libya military intervention, and ordered the military operation that resulted in the death of Osama bin Laden. In April 2011, Obama is seeking re-election in the 2012 presidential election.

Whether it's the poverty exposed by Katrina, the genocide in Darfur, or the role of faith in our politics, Barack Obama continues to speak out on the issues that will define America in the 21st century. But above all his accomplishments and experiences, he is most proud and grateful for his family: his wife, Michelle, and his two daughters, Malia, 10, and Sasha, 7, live on Chicago's South Side.

Now our 44th and 45th President of the United States of America



Share |




Black History in the News | Privacy Policy

Black History Store © 2010-2017 AfricanAmericanHistoryOnline.com | Black History Store

Created by sliplink.net


Share |